Description: Understand and use adverbs of frequency; understand an explanation of a speaker’s choice to eat/avoid fast food; provide an explanation of reasons for following a specific diet
Target audience: all college level students
General goals/objectives: listening comprehension
- understand and use adverbs of frequency
- understand an explanation of a speaker’s choice to eat/avoid fast food.
- provide an explanation of your reasons for following a specific diet
Materials needed for activity: (check the following)
X internet access _projector X speakers _ printout _ BYOD (Bring Your Own Device - smartphone, tablet)
_ other: __________________
Time: 25 minutes
Overview: Listening activity followed by optional review of frequency markers and then speaking activity based on listening.
- Introduce definition of ‘fast food’ and review adverbs of frequency.
- Tell Ss that they are going to hear people talk about fast food. They should mark how often each one eats fast food.
- Check the answers together.
- Tell the Ss this time to listen for why the people consume fast food and write it in the second table.
- Check the answers together.
- If needed, review the information about definite and indefinite frequency markers.
- Have Ss tell how often and why they follow a certain diet, using the key phrases provided.
- How often do you eat fast food? Why?
- You are what you eat...or are you?
- Vegan? Vegetarian? What’s the difference?
- The road to veganism
|Interaction / Written||Overall written interaction||Can write short, simple formulaic notes relating to matters in areas of immediate need (A2)|
|Reception||Identifying cues and inferring (spoken and written)||Can identify unfamiliar words from the context on topics related to his/her field and interests (B1)|
|Can extrapolate the meaning of occasional unknown words from the context and deduce sentence meaning provided the topic discussed is familiar (B1)|
|Linguistic||Orthographic control||Can write with reasonable phonetic accuracy (but not necessarily fully standard spelling) short words that are in his/her oral vocabulary (A2)|
|Linguistic||Grammatical accuracy||Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used "routines" and patterns associated with more predictable situations (B1)|
|Linguistic||Vocabulary control||Shows good control of high frequency vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations (adapted B1)|
How often do you eat fast food? Why?
Some people never eat fast food, while others eat it sometimes or even always.
- Click on this link and then listen to how often and why each person eats fast food. Mark the box under the column that best describes how often each speaker eats fast food:
- Now listen to this link again and write why each person eats fast food.
|Why do they eat fast food?|
- The words that tell us how often someone does something are called frequency markers. Definite frequency marker tell us specific periods of time, such as ‘daily’. Indefinite frequency markers are not specific, for example, ‘often’. View this cute video.
- Using both definite and indefinite frequency markers, tell how often and why you follow a certain diet. You might want to use the phrases below:
|I usually follow a vegan/vegetarian/healthy/low cholesterol/low fat/normal diet...||...because I often have a craving for it.|
|I eat meat/fish/vegetables/fruit/dairy products daily...||...because after eating it, I don’t feel very good.|
|I have chocolate/a glass of wine/my favourite cake once a week...||...because it’s convenient.|